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Interfacing 0.96 Inch SPI OLED Full Color IPS Display Module with Arduino

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0.96 INCH OLED IPS Display Module Features

OLED displays are high contrast and high-resolution displays, so they provide a good readability for users. There is no backlight on OLED, and it uses independent-illuminated pixels. So, it is thinner, low-power and more elegant in compare to LCDs. The driver chip is ST7735, which provides I2C communication.

You can download the datasheet of this module here.  

0.96 INCH SPI OLED IPS Display Module Pinout

This module has 8 pins: 

  • VCC: Module power supply – 5V 
  • GND: Ground 
  • SCK: SPI clock 
  • MOSI: SPI data 
  • CS: Chip Select 
  • D/C: Data/ Command 
  • RES: Reset 
  • BLK: Backlight control 

You can see the pinout of this module in the image below.  

Required Material

Hardware component

Arduino UNO R3 × 1
0.96 inch OLED 80x160 SPI Full Color IPS Display Module × 1
Female to Female jumper wire × 1

Software Apps

Arduino IDE

Interfacing 0.96 INCH OLED IPS Display Module with Arduino

Step 1: Circuit

The following circuit shows how you should connect Arduino to this module. Connect wires accordingly.

Note

You can control the backlight if you put a resistor between BLK and GND pins, and if the resistor not used, it will be at maximum value.

Step 2: Library

Tip

If you need more help with installing a library on Arduino, read this tutorial: How to Install an Arduino Library

Step 3: Code

Upload the following code to your Arduino.

  /*
  modified on Des 13, 2020
  Modified by MohammedDamirchi from https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit-ST7735-Library
  https://electropeak.com/learn/
*/

/***************************************************
  This is a library for the Adafruit 1.8" SPI display.

This library works with the Adafruit 1.8" TFT Breakout w/SD card
  ----> http://www.adafruit.com/products/358
The 1.8" TFT shield
  ----> https://www.adafruit.com/product/802
The 1.44" TFT breakout
  ----> https://www.adafruit.com/product/2088
as well as Adafruit raw 1.8" TFT display
  ----> http://www.adafruit.com/products/618

  Check out the links above for our tutorials and wiring diagrams
  These displays use SPI to communicate, 4 or 5 pins are required to
  interface (RST is optional)
  Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open source code,
  please support Adafruit and open-source hardware by purchasing
  products from Adafruit!

  Written by Limor Fried/Ladyada for Adafruit Industries.
  MIT license, all text above must be included in any redistribution
 ****************************************************/

#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>    // Core graphics library
#include <Adafruit_ST7735.h> // Hardware-specific library
#include <SPI.h>


// For the breakout, you can use any 2 or 3 pins
// These pins will also work for the 1.8" TFT shield
#define TFT_CS     10
#define TFT_RST    9  // you can also connect this to the Arduino reset
                      // in which case, set this #define pin to -1!
#define TFT_DC     8

// Option 1 (recommended): must use the hardware SPI pins
// (for UNO thats sclk = 13 and sid = 11) and pin 10 must be
// an output. This is much faster - also required if you want
// to use the microSD card (see the image drawing example)
Adafruit_ST7735 tft = Adafruit_ST7735(TFT_CS,  TFT_DC, TFT_RST);

// Option 2: use any pins but a little slower!
#define TFT_SCLK 13   // set these to be whatever pins you like!
#define TFT_MOSI 11   // set these to be whatever pins you like!
//Adafruit_ST7735 tft = Adafruit_ST7735(TFT_CS, TFT_DC, TFT_MOSI, TFT_SCLK, TFT_RST);


float p = 3.1415926;

void setup(void) {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.print("Hello! ST7735 TFT Test");

  // Use this initializer if you're using a 1.8" TFT
//  tft.initR(INITR_BLACKTAB);   // initialize a ST7735S chip, black tab

  // Use this initializer (uncomment) if you're using a 1.44" TFT
  //tft.initR(INITR_144GREENTAB);   // initialize a ST7735S chip, black tab

  // Use this initializer (uncomment) if you're using a 0.96" 180x60 TFT
  tft.initR(INITR_MINI160x80);   // initialize a ST7735S chip, mini display

  Serial.println("Initialized");

  uint16_t time = millis();
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  time = millis() - time;

  Serial.println(time, DEC);
  delay(500);

  // large block of text
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  testdrawtext("Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Curabitur adipiscing ante sed nibh tincidunt feugiat. Maecenas enim massa, fringilla sed malesuada et, malesuada sit amet turpis. Sed porttitor neque ut ante pretium vitae malesuada nunc bibendum. Nullam aliquet ultrices massa eu hendrerit. Ut sed nisi lorem. In vestibulum purus a tortor imperdiet posuere. ", ST7735_WHITE);
  delay(1000);

  // tft print function!
  tftPrintTest();
  delay(4000);

  // a single pixel
  tft.drawPixel(tft.width()/2, tft.height()/2, ST7735_GREEN);
  delay(500);

  // line draw test
  testlines(ST7735_YELLOW);
  delay(500);

  // optimized lines
  testfastlines(ST7735_RED, ST7735_BLUE);
  delay(500);

  testdrawrects(ST7735_GREEN);
  delay(500);

  testfillrects(ST7735_YELLOW, ST7735_MAGENTA);
  delay(500);

  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  testfillcircles(10, ST7735_BLUE);
  testdrawcircles(10, ST7735_WHITE);
  delay(500);

  testroundrects();
  delay(500);

  testtriangles();
  delay(500);

  mediabuttons();
  delay(500);

  Serial.println("done");
  delay(1000);
}

void loop() {
  tft.invertDisplay(true);
  delay(500);
  tft.invertDisplay(false);
  delay(500);
}

void testlines(uint16_t color) {
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(0, 0, x, tft.height()-1, color);
  }
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(0, 0, tft.width()-1, y, color);
  }

  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, 0, x, tft.height()-1, color);
  }
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, 0, 0, y, color);
  }

  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(0, tft.height()-1, x, 0, color);
  }
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(0, tft.height()-1, tft.width()-1, y, color);
  }

  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, tft.height()-1, x, 0, color);
  }
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=6) {
    tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, tft.height()-1, 0, y, color);
  }
}

void testdrawtext(char *text, uint16_t color) {
  tft.setCursor(0, 0);
  tft.setTextColor(color);
  tft.setTextWrap(true);
  tft.print(text);
}

void testfastlines(uint16_t color1, uint16_t color2) {
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height(); y+=5) {
    tft.drawFastHLine(0, y, tft.width(), color1);
  }
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=5) {
    tft.drawFastVLine(x, 0, tft.height(), color2);
  }
}

void testdrawrects(uint16_t color) {
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width(); x+=6) {
    tft.drawRect(tft.width()/2 -x/2, tft.height()/2 -x/2 , x, x, color);
  }
}

void testfillrects(uint16_t color1, uint16_t color2) {
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  for (int16_t x=tft.width()-1; x > 6; x-=6) {
    tft.fillRect(tft.width()/2 -x/2, tft.height()/2 -x/2 , x, x, color1);
    tft.drawRect(tft.width()/2 -x/2, tft.height()/2 -x/2 , x, x, color2);
  }
}

void testfillcircles(uint8_t radius, uint16_t color) {
  for (int16_t x=radius; x < tft.width(); x+=radius*2) {
    for (int16_t y=radius; y < tft.height(); y+=radius*2) {
      tft.fillCircle(x, y, radius, color);
    }
  }
}

void testdrawcircles(uint8_t radius, uint16_t color) {
  for (int16_t x=0; x < tft.width()+radius; x+=radius*2) {
    for (int16_t y=0; y < tft.height()+radius; y+=radius*2) {
      tft.drawCircle(x, y, radius, color);
    }
  }
}

void testtriangles() {
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  int color = 0xF800;
  int t;
  int w = tft.width()/2;
  int x = tft.height()-1;
  int y = 0;
  int z = tft.width();
  for(t = 0 ; t <= 15; t++) {
    tft.drawTriangle(w, y, y, x, z, x, color);
    x-=4;
    y+=4;
    z-=4;
    color+=100;
  }
}

void testroundrects() {
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  int color = 100;
  int i;
  int t;
  for(t = 0 ; t <= 4; t+=1) {
    int x = 0;
    int y = 0;
    int w = tft.width()-2;
    int h = tft.height()-2;
    for(i = 0 ; i <= 16; i+=1) {
      tft.drawRoundRect(x, y, w, h, 5, color);
      x+=2;
      y+=3;
      w-=4;
      h-=6;
      color+=1100;
    }
    color+=100;
  }
}

void tftPrintTest() {
  tft.setTextWrap(false);
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  tft.setCursor(0, 30);
  tft.setTextColor(ST7735_RED);
  tft.setTextSize(1);
  tft.println("Hello World!");
  tft.setTextColor(ST7735_YELLOW);
  tft.setTextSize(2);
  tft.println("Hello World!");
  tft.setTextColor(ST7735_GREEN);
  tft.setTextSize(3);
  tft.println("Hello World!");
  tft.setTextColor(ST7735_BLUE);
  tft.setTextSize(4);
  tft.print(1234.567);
  delay(1500);
  tft.setCursor(0, 0);
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  tft.setTextColor(ST7735_WHITE);
  tft.setTextSize(0);
  tft.println("Hello World!");
  tft.setTextSize(1);
  tft.setTextColor(ST7735_GREEN);
  tft.print(p, 6);
  tft.println(" Want pi?");
  tft.println(" ");
  tft.print(8675309, HEX); // print 8,675,309 out in HEX!
  tft.println(" Print HEX!");
  tft.println(" ");
  tft.setTextColor(ST7735_WHITE);
  tft.println("Sketch has been");
  tft.println("running for: ");
  tft.setTextColor(ST7735_MAGENTA);
  tft.print(millis() / 1000);
  tft.setTextColor(ST7735_WHITE);
  tft.print(" seconds.");
}

void mediabuttons() {
  // play
  tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
  tft.fillRoundRect(25, 10, 78, 60, 8, ST7735_WHITE);
  tft.fillTriangle(42, 20, 42, 60, 90, 40, ST7735_RED);
  delay(500);
  // pause
  tft.fillRoundRect(25, 90, 78, 60, 8, ST7735_WHITE);
  tft.fillRoundRect(39, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST7735_GREEN);
  tft.fillRoundRect(69, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST7735_GREEN);
  delay(500);
  // play color
  tft.fillTriangle(42, 20, 42, 60, 90, 40, ST7735_BLUE);
  delay(50);
  // pause color
  tft.fillRoundRect(39, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST7735_RED);
  tft.fillRoundRect(69, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST7735_RED);
  // play color
  tft.fillTriangle(42, 20, 42, 60, 90, 40, ST7735_GREEN);
}
 

This code is for testing the display and shows various graphical shapes and designs.

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